The Proposed Sculptures

Either (A) Left: Powhatan II cloaked in Mantle           Or                 (B) Right: Powhatan in Turkey-feathered Cloak


Your help is needed to make a monument of this magnitude possible.

he proposal shows him with the Powhatan Mantle over his shoulders. The marble pedestal of the sculpture would be
incised with his name and a seal reflective of the symbol of the Powhatan cape. This cape, now in the Ashmolean
Museum in Oxford, England and a copy at the Jamestown Festival Park in Virginia, symbolized a man between his two
totems (a deer and mountain lion) with 34 sacred circles representing indigenous Virginia member nations historically
documented as the "Powhatan Confederacy".
Powhatan II's domain was not governed by a dictatorship, nor was it like
any "Kingdom" experienced by the English. Nations within his "Confederacy" had a certain amount of autonomy.  

The pedestal, on which the sculpture stands, is a truncated Powhatan totem, may be etched with traditional
pictographic stories
on its two sides.. The stories begin with the Algonquian Origin Story of "Attan Akamik" ("Our Fertile
Country" an indigenous name for our area that was within the Powhatan Confederacy that emphasizes respect and
gratitude for a bountiful Earth), and "The Thanksgiving Story". Visitors could be given printouts of guides to the
meanings of the pictographic stories, which are popular cultural interpretations.

About the Artists

Rose Powhatan (Pamunkey/Tauxenent) and her husband of 51 years, Michael Auld are Washington, DC
artists/educators/historians. Michael is a member of the United Confederation of Taíno People (UCTP). His wife Rose's
family is deeply rooted in Virginia. She is descended from the Pamunkey Tribe of Virginia, the first federally recognized
Indian tribe of the state, as well as the Tauxenent Indian Nation (historic neighbors of George Washington, in Fairfax
County, Virginia). Her maternal ancestor, Opechancanough, was the brother of Powhatan II. Rose is also an
Algonquian wisdom keeper and storyteller. We are the founders of the Powhatan Museum educational website. As
retired educators and practicing artists, in 2007 we found it necessary to create a far reaching tool to educate the
public on Native American issues that were missing from the country's educational systems. The Powhatan Museum
promotes knowledge about Virginia Indian's contributions to the founding of the United States of America, so that it will
never be forgotten.

In 1986, we created the "Totems to Powhatan", six sculptures based on traditional Virginia Indian totem poles. The
circle of totems, ranging from 4 to 9 feet, were fire engraved on the front with the history of Virginia, from the
“Algonquian Origin Myth" to the "Old Dominion" we continue to honor to this day. Rose was the first Virginia Indian artist
of her generation to honor her ancestors by reviving the totem pole cultural tradition revered by her ancestors.

Figure 2a, 2b and 2c: Installation artists, Rose Powhatan & Michael Auld with six of their contemporary "Totems to
Powhatan" constructed for the 1986 Art for the Metro installation, Vienna Metro Station, Fairfax County, Virginia. The
Vienna site is near to homes where Rose spent her summers with local Pamunkey/Tauxenent relatives.

Figure 2c (Above): One of six commissioned traditional Powhatan Totems,Village center, Jamestown Festival Park,

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Although the English intentions to
establish a foothold on the North
American continent in competition
with the Spanish was not known by
the Powhatans, this Powhatan
decision was probably by
(from "
corcas", from "caucauasu"
or "counselor"). The first written
record of a
caucus was by English
chroniclers of the time. It was also
written, "Powhatan's favorite place
to caucus with surrounding
[Amerindian] nations, was beside
the Tiber Creek, located on
today's Capitol Hill in Washington,
DC. It was also written that
"Powhatan never left his territory".
This North West portion of today's
Washington, DC was the lands of
the Dogue or Tauxenent whose
territory spread over from Fairfax
County to Roosevelt Island in the   
Potomac River across it into the
NW portion of District of Columbia.
"Dogue=34th member of the
Powhatan Confederacy.
Powhatan II whose private name,
in the Algonquian tradition was

, and his  
*Councilors (
*Caucauasu) were
responsible for
English to set up a trading post in
Attan Akamik ("Our Fertile
") in 1607. As the Virginia
Company of London's
representative, Captain John
Smith's hopefully lucrative
economic enterprise, cascaded
into an eventual complete takeover
of the
*"Virginia Territory" that
included many of today's Eastern
Seaboard states.
The Colony of Virginia, chartered in 1606 and arrived at in 1607, was the first enduring English colony in North
**Caucus; First recorded by Captain John Smith in 1607. Today, it is a political meeting to make decisions. From
the Native American Caucus to the Black and Hispanic Caucus. For example  today
Michael E. Capuano,
Massachusetts is a member of approximately 33 caucuses.
Figure 1: (Top) Rose Powhatan
at the Ashmolean Museum,
Oxford, England in 1993.
(Bottom) Powhatan’s Mantle.
Her research trip was made
possible by a grant from the
Cafritz Foundation.
Figure 4a, 4b & 4c: Left; Rose
Powhatan with her “Keziah
Powhatan” totem to her 18th century
ancestor whose band twice burned
down the Fairfax County Courthouse
that was on her tribal land, given to
Lord Fairfax by his cousin, the King
of England.  

4b: Rose Powhatan (Pamunkey
/Tauxenent) Gravesend, London,
England, 1995 on a Fulbright
Teacher Exchange, in front of her
relative,  Pocahontas' statue near
Pocahontas' burial site under the
nearby St. Georges Church.
Pocahontas is believed to be buried
under the floor of the church's alter.
A duplicate of this statue is at
Jamestown, Virginia.

4c: Below; Riverbend Park, 2015
Native American Festival with Rose
Powhatan, descendant (paternal) of
the indigenous Tauxenent or Dogue
people of Fairfax County in Northern
Virginia. Next to her are two of her
six fire engraved "Powhatan Totems".
The shorter Algonquian origin-story
totem is titled “Michabo the Great
Hare Story” that photographically
tells where men and women came
from. The taller traditional red-faced
totem tells the “Pocahontas Story”.
Figure 5: Michael
Auld's life-sized
sculptural installation
of Anacaona
("Golden Flower")
1504 martyred
Taino's Queen of
Xaragua, Hispaniola,
seated on her dujo
(royal stool) in a
cohoba trance.
(Mixed Media—2003
Installation by Michael Auld (Yamaye)
Left: The English
Crowning of Powhatan
II: (1608)
"The Coronation of
Powhatan,” by the
American artist John
Cadsby Chapman, oil on
canvas. Courtesy of the
Greenville Museum of
Art, Greenville, South

In 1608, Captain Newport
realized that Powhatan's
friendship was crucial to
the survival of the small
Jamestown colony. In the
summer of that year, he
tried to "crown" the
paramount Chief [Already
the leader of a vast
"Empire" or
"Confederacy"], with a
ceremonial crown, to
make him an English
Left:The Baptism of Pocahontas, Rotunda
of the Capitol Building, Washington, DC.
The favored image of the first Native
American assimilationist,who was
kidnapped by the English and who
suffered from the earliest known malady
The Stockholm Syndrome, an affliction
where the kidnapped victim (see Patty
Hearst) begins to identify with the

Scroll down on page to the article
"Pocahontas: Patron Saint of Colonial


    1519 Monroe Street, N.W.     Washington, DC 20010

    May31, 2018

    The Honorable Mark R. Warner
    703 Hart Senate Office Building
    Washington, DC 20510

    Dear Senator Warner,

    Congratulations to you and Senator Kaine who are both to be commended on the role you played in the Federal
    Recognition of Virginia's Chickahominy, Eastern Chickahominy, Upper Mattaponi, Rappahannock, Monacan, and
    the Nansemond Indian Tribes. The approval of a monument to Native American Veterans near Capitol Hill was
    also an important milestone in honoring our country's Native Americans. However, Powhatan II's statue in
    Statuary Hall will reaffirm the historic place of the "caucus"-- the intertribal gathering of Native American leaders
    who came together at the site now known as Capitol Hill. Most Americans are not aware that the word "caucus"
    originated with the Native Americans of the historic Virginia Territory which encompassed all of the original
    colonies. The word "caucus" from corcas, (originally from caucauasu or "counselor") is Powhatan Algonquian
    and today's Capitol Hill was the site of the gathering of tribal leaders to "caucus" with surrounding nations.
    Powhatan II could be called "The Father of the Caucus".

    Although Powhatan II and George Washington are both undeniable icons in American history, there is no
    honoring of the indigenous leader from your state, responsible for allowing the United States of America to come
    into being. Paramount chief Wahunsenacawh’s, (known as Powhatan II) presence should be made in the
    Statuary Hall in the Capitol. Although his daughter, Pocahontas, is honored by a prominent painting showing her
    baptism into the Christian faith, her father played a more pivotal role in the founding of the United States of

    The Powhatan Museum ( proposes that Wahunsenacawh's statue replace that of Robert
    E. Lee, which now stands in Statuary Hall. The proposal to do so would be an historic reminder of the indigenous
    foundation of our country. It is fitting that there be a Powhatan II monument as a Virginia Native American
    statesman. Indigenous roots in the historic "Virginia Territory" provided the fertile foundation for a nation that
    grew and flourished to be our present day homeland.

    Here are some points about Powhatan that qualify his placement among the honored statesmen in Statuary Hall:

    *Powhatan II is the "Father Of All Caucuses".
    *Chroniclers of the time, wrote that the Tiber Creek, once located at Capitol Hill "was Powhatan's favorite place
    to [caucus]" with surrounding nations. Also said was that “Powhatan never left his territory.”
    *The word "caucus" was adopted by many groups of America's legislators on Capitol Hill. The term was first
    recorded by Captain John Smith after 1607.

    Powhatan II's sentiment towards the arriving English, who he had allowed to settle in his vast territory, can be
    seen as a sign of welcome to potential trading partners and neighbors. Unfortunately for Powhatan II and his
    people, Captain John Smith and the representatives of the Virginia Company of London did not honor their
    mutually agreed upon negotiations.

    Powhatan II's Speech to Captain John Smith (1609)
    "Captaine Smith, you may understand that I having seene the death of all my people thrice, and not any
    one living of these three generations but my selfe; I know the difference of Peace and Warre better than
    any in my Country. But now I am old and ere long must die, my brethren, namely Opitchapam,
    Opechancanough, and Kekataugh, my two sisters, and their two daughters, are distinctly each others
    successors. I wish their experience no lesse then mine, and your love to them no lesse then mine to you.
    But this bruit from Nandsamund, that you are come to destroy my Country, so much affrighteth all my
    people as they dare not visit you. What will it avalle you to take that by force you may quickly have by
    love, or to destroy them that provide you food?"

    Is a statesman such as Powhatan II's and his ensuing actions not supporting causes for a monument as one
    accorded to the other founding fathers of the United States of America? A monument to him and his people
    would abate dismissive attitudes towards important contributive Native American history and culture. The very
    foundation on which immigrants to this land have built a world admired democracy needs to be publicly
    acknowledged in the Nation's Capitol.

    Additionally, according to an April 1, 2018 Los Angeles Times headline below, there is currently a rising
    sentiment in the United States for the correction of past erected monuments that disrespect Native American
    contributions to our shared history.

    "First it was Confederate monuments. Now statues offensive to Native Americans are poised to topple across the
    U.S."--Jaweed Kaleem, LA Times, April 1st, 2018 headline. (


    Rose A. Powhatan (Pamunkey/Tauxenent), Co-Founder
    A. Michael Auld (Yamaye), Co-Founder
Sculptural concept for an
embellished  bronze and copper
image of Powhatan II